Small-scale food production and processing are the major sources of livelihoods for many rural communities in the developing world, yet the contribution of this sector to economic development of many countries has been ignored. A soybean for food and wealth project was used to demonstrate how the effective harnessing of different disciplines can lead to alleviation of poverty and improved nutritional status in rural communities. This was done by identifying the production and processing constraints of these communities and linking them to research and innovation centres. Their production, processing, and managerial capacities were enhanced through group formation activities, farm and field demonstrations, and facilitation of access to markets. The project demonstrates how food production, processing, and marketing can be improved through linkages between farmers/small-scale enterprises and technology centres. It highlights the need for a synergistic approach to reducing poverty and improving the wealth and health of rural communities.